#ScientificSages: ARYABHATTA

 #ScientificSages: ARYABHATTA


‘For a triangle, the result of a perpendicular with the half-side is the area’

Aryabhata, This name needs no introduction this name is acquainted with people all around the globe. Aryabhata was born in 425 BC in Kusumpura, Pataliputra (Patna). He was a great Mathematician and an Astronomer of India. Bhaskara had told Aryabhata asmakiya, those who hail from Asmaka. Askama is the people who settle on the banks of river Narmada and the Godavari at the time of Buddha.

  • Aryabhatta had told that the moon has no light of its own, the moon is visible only because it reflects the light from the sun.
  • Aryabhata proposed a theory on eclipse. He says it is not caused by Rahu but is due to the shadow cast by the earth and the moon’s years old.
  • He discovered the position of 9 planets and postulated about their revolution around Sun.
  • He wrote the book Aryabhatiyam at the age of 23.
  • Aryabhatta discovered zero as well.

Aryabhatta has written many books on mathematics and astronomy, his famous books are Aryabhatrya Siddhanta and Aryabhatiya has a collection of astronomical science and mathematics. His mathematical collection includes algebra, arithmetic, plane trigonometry, etc. It has continued fractions, table of sines, and quadratic equations too. Aryabhata describes the relativity of motion very simply, ‘Just as a man in a boat sees stationary objects moving forward (on the shore) backward, so people on Earth see stationary stars moving west.” Aryabhatiya has four sections, Gitikapada, Ganitapada, Kalakriyapada, and Golapada.



Aryabhatta is furthermore known as the pride of India since earlier times in the Islamic World, Omar Qayyum created the Jalal calendar in 1073 CE. According to Aryabhata’s adding up, Aryabhata has made two orders for estimating time, the Audyika system and the Arahraatrika system. Apart from mathematics and astronomical science, Aryabhatta is remembered for other works as well, such as the definition of para lalo equator horizon, etc.ISRO named the first Indian satellite “Aryabhata” in honor of Aryabhata.

Chetan Singh

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